The Story of Ireland

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L.

THE IRISH VOLUNTEERS

Revolt of the American Colonies, Its effect on Ireland, Disastrous condition of the country, Volunteer movement begun in Belfast, Rapid popularity, Its effect upon politics, Free Trade, Declaratory Act repealed, The Volunteers disband.

LI.

DANGER SIGNALS

Reform the crying necessity of the hour--Corruption steadily increasing--Attempt to obtain free importation of goods to England--Its failure--Disturbed state of the country--Its causes--"White boys," "Oak boys," and "Steel boys"--Faction war in the North--Orange lodges--"Society of United Irishmen"--The one hope for the future.

LII.

THE FITZWILLIAM DISAPPOINTMENT

General desire for Catholic Emancipation--Lord Sheffield's evidence--The Catholic delegates received by the king--Lord Fitzwilliam sent as Lord-Lieutenant--Popular enthusiasm--Recalled--Result of his recall.

LIII.

'NINETY-EIGHT

Wolfe Tone, his character and autobiography--The other leaders of the rebellion--England and France at war--Hoche's descent--Panic--Habeas Corpus Act suspended--Misconduct of soldiers--Arrest of Lord Edward Fitzgerald--Outbreak of the rebellion--The rising in Wexford--Bagenal Harvey--Arklow, New Ross, and Vinegar Hill--Suppression of the rebellion--Final incidents--Death of Wolfe Tone.

LIV.

THE UNION

State of Ireland after the rebellion--Pitt resolved to pass the Union--Inducements offered--Discrepancy of statements upon the subject--Bribery or not bribery?--Lord Cornwallis and Lord Castlereagh--The Union carried.

LV.

O'CONNELL AND CATHOLIC EMANCIPATION

The Union not followed by union--The Emmett outbreak,--Young Daniel O'Connell--The new Catholic Association--The Clare election--Catholic Relief Bill carried--The "Incarnation of a people"--Repeal--The O'Connell gatherings--The meeting proclaimed at Clontarf--Prosecution and condemnation of O'Connell--Released on appeal--Never regained his power--Despondency and death.

LVI.

"YOUNG IRELAND"

"The Nation"--Sir C. Gavan Duffy--Thomas Davis--Smith O'Brien--Effect of O'Connell's death on the "Young Ireland" party--James Lalor--His influence on Mitchell--The "United Irishmen" newspaper started--Arrest and transportation of Mitchell--The end of the "Young Ireland" movement.

LVII.

THE FAMINE

First symptoms of the potato disease--The fatal night--Beginning of Famine--Rapid mortality--Mr. Forster's reports--Relief works--Soup kitchens--Failure of preventive measures--Famine followed by ruin--Clearances and Emigration--Emigrant ships--Permanent effects of the Famine on Ireland.

LVIII.

THE LATEST DEVELOPMENT

Encumbered Estates Act--Tenant League of North and South--The "Brass Band"--A lull--The Phoenix organization--The Fenian "scare"--Rescue of Fenian prisoners at Manchester--The Clerkenwell explosion--The Irish Church Act--The Irish Land Act of 1870--Failure of Irish Education Act, and retirement of the Liberals--Mr. Butt and Mr. Parnell--The Land League established--Return of the Liberals to power--The Irish Land Act of 1881--Arrest and release of Land League Leaders--Murders in the Phoenix Park--James Carey--- His death--The agrarian struggle--Home Rule--Its eventual destiny--The untravelled Future.

LIX.

CONCLUSION

Irish heroes--Causes of their want of popularity--Irish _versus_ Scotch heroes--"Prince Posterity".

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS.

[Nearly all the archaeological illustrations in this volume are from "The Early Christian Architecture of Ireland," by Miss M. Stokes, who has kindly allowed them to be reproduced. The portraits are chiefly from engravings, &c., kept in the Prints Room of the British Museum.]

HOLY ISLAND, LOUGH DERG. MAP OF IRELAND IN REIGN OF HENRY VII. CROSS IN CEMETERY OF TEMPUL BRECCAN. WEST CROSS, MONASTERBOICE. DOORWAY OF MAGHERA CHURCH. KILBANNON TOWER. KELLS ROUND TOWER. BASE OF TUAM CROSS. DOORWAY OF KILLESHIN CHURCH. INTERIOR OF CORMAC'S CHAPEL (CASHEL). WEST FRONT OF ST. CRONAN'S CHURCH. WEST DOORWAY OF FRESHFORD CHURCH. SIR HENRY SIDNEY (PORTRAIT OF). ASKEATON CASTLE. CATHERINE, THE "OLD" COUNTESS OF DESMOND. SIR JOHN PERROT (PORTRAIT OF). CAHIR CASTLE (IN 1599). CAPTURE OF THE EARL OF ORMOND BY THE O'MORES. IRELAND IN THE REIGN OF JAMES I. THOMAS WENTWORTH, EARL OF STRAFFORD, 1641. ARCHBISHOP USSHER (PORTRAIT OF). JAMES, DUKE OF ORMOND (PORTRAIT OF). HENRY CROMWELL (PORTRAIT OF). "TIGER" ROCHE. DEAN SWIFT (PORTRAIT OF). PHILIP, EARL OF CHESTERFIELD (PORTRAIT OF). RIGHT HON. HENRY FLOOD (PORTRAIT OF). RIGHT HON. HENRY GRATTAN, M.P. (PORTRAIT OF). JAMES CAULFIELD, EARL OF CHARLEMONT (PORTRAIT OF). RIGHT HON. EDMUND BURKE (PORTRAIT OF). THE EARL OF MOIRA ("A MAN OF IMPORTANCE"). RIGHT HON. EDMUND BURKE (SKETCH FROM LIFE). THEOBALD WOLFE TONE (PORTRAIT OF). LORD EDWARD FITZGERALD (PORTRAIT OF). THE FOUR COURTS, DUBLIN. MARQUIS CORNWALLIS (PORTRAIT OF). ROBERT EMMETT (PORTRAIT OF). DANIEL O'CONNELL, M.P. (SKETCH OF). LESSER ILLUSTRATIONS (AT ENDS OF CHAPTERS). CROMLECH ON HOWTH. MOUTH OF SEPULCHRAL CHAMBER AT DOWTH. ST. KEVIN'S CHURCH. CORMAC'S CHAPEL AND ROUND TOWER. ROUND TOWER AT DEVENISH. SOUTH WINDOW OF ST. CAEMIN'S CHURCH. FIGURES ON KILCARN FONT. TRIM CASTLE. FIGURES ON KILCARN FONT. INITIAL LETTER (FROM THE BOOK OF KELLS). ST. PATRICK'S BELL. INITIAL LETTER (FROM THE BOOK OF KELLS). CINERARY URN. TARA BROOCH. DOORWAY OF ST. CAEMIN'S CHURCH. SHRINE OF ST. PATRICK'S BELL. ST. COLUMBA'S ORATORY. INITIAL LETTER (FROM THE BOOK OF KELLS). CRYPT OF CHRIST CHURCH CATHEDRAL.

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