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The Leading Facts of English History
by D. H. Montgomery
"Nothing in the past is dead to the man who would learn how the present came to be what it is." -- Stubbs, "Constitutional History of England"
Ginn and Company Boston - New York - Chicago - London
Copyright, 1887, 1889, 1898, 1901, 1912, by D.H. Montgomery Entered at Stationers' Hall All Rights Reserved 313.8
The Athenaeum Press Ginn and Company - Proprietors - Boston - U.S.A.
I dedicate this book to the memory of my friend J.J.M. who generously gave time, labor and valuable suggestions toward the preparation of the first edition for the press
Most of the materials for this book were gathered by the writer during several years' residence in England.
The attempt is here made to present them in a manner that shall illustrate the law of national growth, in the light thrown upon it by the foremost English historians. The present edition has been carefully revised throughout, and, to a considerable extent, rewritten.
The authorities for the different periods will be found in the Classified List of Books in the Appendix; but the author desires to particularly acknowledge his indebtedness to the works of Bright, Brewer, Gardiner, Guest, Green, Lingard, Oman, and Traill; to the source books of Lee and of Kendall; and to the constitutional histories of Stubbs, Hallam, May, and Taswell-Langmead.
The author's hearty thanks are due to the late Professor W. F. Allen, of The University of Wisconsin; Professor Philip Van Ness Myers, of College Hill, Ohio; Professor George W. Knight, of Ohio State University; and to a number of teachers and friends for many valuable suggestions which they have kindly made.
David H. Montgomery
Leading Dates xviii Period I. Britain before Written History began II. The Geography of England in Relation to its History III. Roman Britain; A Civilization which did not civilize IV. The Coming of the Saxons; the Coming of the Normans V. The Norman Sovereigns VI. The Angevins, or Plantagenets; Rise of the English Nation VII. The Self-Destruction of Feudalism VIII. Absolutism of the Crown; the Reformation; the New Learning IX. The Stuart Period; the Divine Right of Kings versus the Divine Right of the People X. India gained; America lost--Parliamentary Reform--Government by the People A General Summary of English Constitutional History Constitutional Documents Genealogical Descent of the English Sovereigns A Classified List of Books Special Reading References on Topics of English History
 Each of these six Periods is followed by a General Reference Summary of that period. See pp. 43, 71, 141, 174, 230, 316  For special Genealogical Tables see pp. 124, 140, 161, 172, 179, 207, 323
Suggestions to Teachers
The writer of this brief manual is convinced that no hard-and-fast rules can be laid down for the use of a textbook in history. He believes that every teacher will naturally pursue a system of his own, and that by so doing he will get better results than if he attempt to follow a rigid mechanical course which makes no allowance for individual judgment and gives no scope to originality of method.
The author would simply suggest that where time is limited it might be well to omit the General Reference Summaries (see, for instance, p. 43) and to read the text as a continuous narrative. Then the important points in each day's lesson might be talked over at the end of the recitation or on the following day.
On the other hand, where time permits a thorough course of study, all of the topics might be taken up and carefully examined, and the General Reference Summaries may be consulted by way of review and for additional information. The pupil can also be referred to one or more books (see the Classified List of Books in the Appendix) on the subjects under consideration.
Instead of the teacher's asking a prescribed set of routine questions, the pupil may be encouraged to ask his on. Thus in undertaking the examination of a given topic--say, the Battle of Hastings (SS69-75), the issue of the Great Charter (SS195-202), or "The Industrial Revolution" and Watt's invention of an improved Steam Engine (S563)--there are five inquiries which naturally arise and which practically cover the whole ground.