Great Writers

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LORD BYRON.

POETIC GENIUS.

Difficulty of depicting Byron Descent; birth; lameness Schooling; early reading habits College life Temperament and character First publication of poems Savage criticism by Edinburgh Review "English Bards and Scotch Reviewers" Byron becomes a peer Loneliness and melancholy; determines to travel Portugal; Spain Malta; Greece; Turkey Profanity of language in Byron's time "Childe Harold" Instant fame and popularity Consideration of the poem Marries Miss Milbanke; separation Genius and marriage "The Corsair;" "Bride of Abydos" Evil reputation; loss of public favor Byron leaves England forever Switzerland; the Shelleys; new poems Degrading life in Venice Wonderful labors amid dissipation The Countess Guiccioli Two sides to Byron's character His power and fertility Inexcusable immorality; "Don Juan" "Manfred" and "Cain" not irreligious but dramatic Byron not atheistical but morbid Many noble traits and actions Generosity and fidelity in friendship Eulogies by Scott and Moore Byron's interest in the Greek Revolution Devotes himself to that cause Raises L10,000 and embarks for Greece Collects troops in his own pay His latest verses Illness from vexation and exposure Death and burial The verdict

THOMAS CARLYLE.

CRITICISM AND BIOGRAPHY.

Froude's Biography of Carlyle Brief resume of Carlyle's career Parentage and birth Slender education; school-teaching Abandons clerical intentions to become a writer "Elements of Geometry;" "Life of Schiller;" "Wilhelm Meister" Marries Jane Welsh Her character Edinburgh and Craigenputtock Essays: "German Literature" Goethe's "Helena" "Burns" "Life of Heyne;" "Voltaire" "Characteristics" Wholesome and productive life at Craigenputtock "Dr. Johnson" Friendship with Ralph Waldo Emerson "Sartor Resartus" Carlyle removes to London Begins "The French Revolution" Manuscript accidentally destroyed Habits of great authors in rewriting Publication of the work; Carlyle's literary style Better reception in America than in England Carlyle begins lecturing Popular eloquence in England Carlyle and the Chartists "Heroes and Hero Worship" "Past and Present" Carlyle becomes bitter "Latter-Day Pamphlets" "Life of Oliver Cromwell" Carlyle's confounding right with might Great merits of Carlyle as historian Death of Mrs. Carlyle Success of Carlyle established "Frederick the Great" Decline of the author's popularity Public honors; private sorrow Final illness and death Carlyle's place in literature

LORD MACAULAY.

ARTISTIC HISTORICAL WRITING.

Macaulay's varied talents Descent and parentage Birth and youth Education Character; his greatness intellectual rather than moral College career Enters the law His early writings; poetry; essay on Milton Social success; contemporaries Enters politics and Parliament Sent to India; secretary board of education Essays in the Reviews Limitations as a statesman Devotion to literature Personal characteristics Return to London and public office Still writing essays; "Warren Hastings," "Clive" Special public appreciation in America Drops out of Parliament; begins "History of England" Prodigious labor; extent and exactness of his knowledge Self-criticism; brilliancy of style Some inconsistencies Public honors Remarkable successes; re-enters Parliament Illness and growing weakness Conclusion of the History; foreign and domestic honors Resigns seat in Parliament Social habits Literary tastes Final illness and death; his fame

SHAKSPEARE; OR, THE POET.

BY RALPH WALDO EMERSON.

The debt of genius to its age and preceding time.

The era of Shakspeare favorable to dramatic entertainments.

The stage a substitute for the newspaper of his era.

The poet draws upon extant materials--the lime and mortar to his hand.

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