American Leaders

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_DANIEL WEBSTER_.

THE AMERICAN UNION.

General character and position of Webster Birth and early life Begins law-practice; enters Congress His legal career His oratory Congressional services; finance Industrial questions Defender of the Constitution Reply to Hayne of South Carolina Webster's ambition His political relations to the South The antislavery agitation Webster's 7th of March Speech His loyalty to the Constitution and the Union His political errors Greatness and worth of his career His death His defects of character His counterbalancing virtues Permanence of his ideas and his fame

_JOHN C. CALHOUN_.

THE SLAVERY QUESTION.

Rapid Rise of Calhoun Education; lawyer; member of Congress Early speeches His enlightened mind Secretary of war Condition of the South Calhoun's dislike of Jackson The tariff question Bears heavily on the South Calhoun a defender of Southern interests Nullification The tariff of 1832 Clay's compromise bill Jackson's war on the bank Calhoun in the Senate His detestation of politics as a game Lofty private life Early speeches The original abolitionists Radicalism Northern lecturers Calhoun's foresight Calhoun as logician Southern view of slavery Anti-slavery agitation Slavery in the District of Columbia John Quincy Adams and anti-slavery petitions Southern opposition to them Clay on petitions Violence of the abolitionists Misery of the slaves Admission of Michigan and Arkansas into the Union Triumphs of the South Growth of the abolitionists "Dough-Faces" Texan independence Annexation of Texas The Mexican war The war of ideas Prophetic utterances of Calhoun His obstinacy and arrogance Admission of California into the Union Clay's concessions Calhoun dying Compromise bill Calhoun's career His want of patriotism in later life Nullification doctrines Calhoun contrasted with Clay His character

_ABRAHAM LINCOLN_.

CIVIL WAR AND PRESERVATION OF THE UNION.

Lincoln's parentage Rail splitter; country merchant In the Black Hawk war Postmaster His aspirations and passion for politics Stump speaker Surveyor Elected to the legislature Lincoln as politician Admitted to the bar Elected member of Congress His marriage Lincoln as lawyer Orator On the slavery question Anti-slavery agitation The compromise of 1850 Stephen A. Douglas Repeal of the Missouri Compromise Charles Sumner Dred Scott decision Lincoln's antagonism to Douglas His commitment to anti-slavery cause Rise of the Republican party Lincoln's debates with Douglas Speaks in New York Lincoln as statesman Nomination for the presidency His election Inauguration Lincoln's cabinet; Jefferson Davis Fort Sumter War Lincoln as president Bull Run Concentration of troops in Washington General McClellan His dilatory measures Gloomy times Retirement of McClellan General Pope McClellan restored, fights the battle of Antietam Inaction and final retirement of McClellan Burnside and the battle of Fredericksburg Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation General Hooker Lee's raid in Pennsylvania General Meade and the battle of Gettysburg Lincoln overworked Siege of Vicksburg General Grant Battle of Chattanooga Grant made general-in-chief March of Grant on Richmond Military sacrifices Siege of Petersburg Surrender of Lee Results of the war Strained relations between Chase and Lincoln Chase chief-justice Lincoln's second inaugural His profound wisdom His assassination Great services Position in history

_ROBERT E. LEE_.

THE SOUTHERN CONFEDERACY.

BY E. BENJAMIN ANDREWS, LL.D.

Birth, lineage, personal appearance, and early career.

A Virginian, he joins his State and the South in secession.

His seven days' fighting against McClellan; forces the latter to raise the siege of Richmond.

"Stonewall" Jackson and his efficient fighting machine.

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