European Statesmen

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Condition of England in 1815 The aristocracy The House of Commons The clergy The courts of law The middle classes The working classes Ministry of Lord Liverpool Lord Castlereagh George Canning Mr. Perceval Regency of the Prince of Wales His scandalous private life Caroline of Brunswick Death of George III Canning, Prime Minister His great services His death His character Popular agitations Catholic association Great political leaders O'Connell Duke of Wellington Catholic emancipation Latter days of George IV His death Brilliant constellation of great men


Universal weariness of war on the fall of Napoleon Peace broken by the revolt of the Spanish colonies Agitation of political ideas Causes of the Greek Revolution Apathy of the Great Powers State of Greece on the outbreak of the revolution Character of the Greeks Ypsilanti His successes Atrocities of the Turks Universal rising of the Greeks Siege of Tripolitza Reverses of the Greeks Prince Mavrokordatos Ali Pasha The massacres at Chios Admiral Miaulis Marco Bozzaris Chourchid Pasha Deliverance of the Mona Greeks take Napoli di Romania Great losses of the Greeks Renewed efforts of the Sultan Dissensions of the Greek leaders Arrival of Lord Byron Interest kindled for the Greek cause in England London loans Siege and fall of Missolonghi Interference of Great Powers Ibraham Pasha Battle of Navarino Greek independence Capo d'Istrias Otho, King of Greece Results of the Greek Revolution


THE CITIZEN KING. Elevation of Louis Philippe His character Lafayette Lafitte Casimir Perier Disordered state of France Suppression of disorders Consolidation of royal power Marshal Soult Fortification of Paris Siege of Antwerp Public improvements First ministry of Thiers First ministry of Count Mole Abd-el-Kader Storming of Constantine Railway mania Death of Talleyrand Villemain Russian and Turkish wars Treaty of Unkiar-Skelessi Lamartine Second administration of Thiers Removal of Napoleon's remains Guizot, Prime Minister Guizot as historian Conquest of Algeria Death of the Due d'Orleans The Spanish marriages Progress of corruption General discontents Dethronement of Louis Philippe His inglorious flight



Napoleon Insists that Pope Pius VII. Shall Crown Him _After the painting by Jean Paul Laurens_.

Louis XVI. _After the painting by P. Dumenil, Gallery of Versailles_.

Murder of Marat by Charlotte Corday _After the painting by J. Weerts_.

Edmund Burke _After the painting by J. Barry, Dublin National Gallery_.

Napoleon _After the painting by Paul Delaroche_.

"1807," Napoleon at Friedland _After the painting by E. Meissonier_.

Napoleon Informs Empress Josephine of His Intention to Divorce Her _After the painting by Eleuterio Pagliano_.

George IV. of England _After the painting by Sir Thomas Lawrence, Rome_.

The Congress of Vienna _After the drawing by Jean Baptiste Isabey_.

Daniel O'Connell _After the painting by Doyle, National Gallery, Dublin_.

Marco Bozzaris _After the painting by J.L. Gerome_.



A.D. 1749-1791.


Three events of pre-eminent importance have occurred in our modern times; these are the Protestant Reformation, the American War of Independence, and the French Revolution.

The most complicated and varied of these great movements is the French Revolution, on which thousands of volumes have been written, so that it is impossible even to classify the leading events and the ever-changing features of that rapid and exciting movement. The first act of that great drama was the attempt of reformers and patriots to destroy feudalism,--with its privileges and distinctions and injustices,--by unscrupulous and wild legislation, and to give a new constitution to the State.

The best representative of this movement was Mirabeau, and I accordingly select him as the subject of this lecture. I cannot describe the violence and anarchy which succeeded the Reign of Terror, ending in a Directory, and the usurpation of Napoleon. The subject is so vast that I must confine myself to a single point, in which, however, I would unfold the principles of the reformers and the logical results to which their principles led.

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