Imperial Antiquity

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The power of the Pulpit Eloquence always a power The superiority of the Christian themes to those of Pagan antiquity Sadness of the great Pagan orators Cheerfulness of the Christian preachers Chrysostom Education Society of the times Chrysostom's conversion, and life in retirement Life at Antioch Characteristics of his eloquence; his popularity as orator His influence Shelters Antioch from the wrath of Theodosius Power and responsibility of the clergy Transferred to Constantinople, as Patriarch of the East His sermons, and their effect at Court Quarrel with Eutropius Envy of Theophilus of Alexandria Council of the Oaks; condemnation to exile Sustained by the people; recalled Wrath of the Empress Exile of Chrysostom His literary labors in exile His more remote exile, and death His fame and influence Authorities



Dignity of the Episcopal office in the early Church Growth of Episcopal authority,--its causes The See of Milan; election of Ambrose as Archbishop His early life and character; his great ability Change in his life after consecration His conservation of the Faith Persecution of the Manicheans Opposition to the Arians His enemies; Faustina Quarrel with the Empress Establishment of Spiritual Authority Opposition to Temporal Power Ambrose retires to his cathedral; Ambrosian chant Rebellion of Soldiers; triumph of Ambrose Sent as Ambassador to Maximus; his intrepidity His rebuke of Theodosius; penance of the Emperor Fidelity and ability of Ambrose as Bishop His private virtues His influence on succeeding ages Authorities



Lofty position of Augustine in the Church Parentage and birth Education and youthful follies Influence of the Manicheans on him Teacher of rhetoric Visits Rome Teaches rhetoric at Milan Influence of Ambrose on him Conversion; Christian experience Retreat to Lake Como Death of Monica his mother Return to Africa Made Bishop of Hippo; his influence as Bishop His greatness as a theologian; his vast studies Contest with Manicheans,--their character and teachings Controversy with the Donatists,--their peculiarities Tracts: Unity of the Church and Religious Toleration Contest with the Pelagians: Pelagius and Celestius Principles of Pelagianism Doctrines of Augustine: Grace; Predestination; Sovereignty of God; Servitude of the Will Results of the Pelagian controversy Other writings of Augustine: "The City of God;" Soliloquies; Sermons Death and character Eulogists of Augustine His posthumous influence Authorities



The mission of Theodosius General sense of security in the Roman world The Romans awake from their delusion Incursions of the Goths Battle of Adrianople; death of Valens Necessity for a great deliverer to arise; Theodosius The Goths,--their characteristics and history Elevation of Theodosius as Associate Emperor He conciliates the Goths, and permits them to settle in the Empire Revolt of Maximus against Gratian; death of Gratian Theodosius marches against Maximus and subdues him Revolt of Arbogastes,--his usurpation Victories of Theodosius over all his rivals; the Empire once more united under a single man Reforms of Theodosius; his jurisprudence Patronage of the clergy and dignity of great ecclesiastics Theodosius persecutes the Arians Extinguishes Paganism and closes the temples Cements the union of Church with State Faults and errors of Theodosius; massacre of Thessalonica Death of Theodosius Division of the Empire between his two sons Renewed incursions of the Goths,--Alaric; Stilicho Fall of Rome; Genseric and the Vandals Second sack of Rome Reflections on the Fall of the Western Empire Authorities

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